Indian Art and Paintings, are famous world widely due to:
- Rich Quality
- Heavy Artwork
- New and Beautiful Designs
- High Reliability
- Rich Variety
Indian Art is highly influenced by essence of RELIGIONS and different CULTURES, followed in them respectively.
Where on one hand - Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism are known for their remarkable Cult Images and Weaving , another Indian Religion - Islam is known for it's beautiful Ceramics art and Embroidery works, since centuries.
MOST FAMOUS INDIAN ART FORMS ARE:
- Indian Paintings (especially Miniature)
- Sculptures (Statues, Reliefs,Pottery and Environmental Art)
- Ceramics Arts (Pottery)
- Jewelry Arts (Rings and Necklaces)
- Rock Arts
- Applied and Decorative Arts
- Sand Sculpting
- Textile Arts (especially Embroidery and Crochet)
- Indian Contemporary Art
India, was a land of changing emperors from Rajputs , Sultans, Mughals , Marathas , Sikhs , Mysores and also Britishers. With every changing emperor, the Land of Culture and Diversity, known as THE GOLDEN BIRD, changed its essence and taste in art and accounted for numerous cultural reforms.
But, Indian art Paintings paved their way much before these emperors were even born.The paintings started forming from around 6000 B.C and took the shape of Rock Art or Rock Paintings.
The paintings and engravings on the walls of caves were painted by Tribal people of that time, demonstrating their daily lives, fights, love making, activities like horse riding, agriculture and survival.The best example of this Rock art can be seen in Ajanta Caves and Bhimbetka rock shelters.
Indian Rock Painting, also known as Indian art Murals can also be richely seen in other famous caves like Bagh, Sittanavasal, Ravan Chhaya rock shelter, Kailasanatha temple in Ellora Caves and many other places
THE MOST FAMOUS FORMS OF INDIAN PAINTINGS (INDIAN ART) ARE:
- Miniature Paintings- Indian art of handmade small sized paintings, practiced mainly in Hindu religion were done on palm trees or paper for the purpose of writing religious books like Vedas and manuscripts and had a rich variety of colors that were made from natural materials like fruits, vegetables, leaves, plants like Indigo, etc.
These paintings were highly rich in metal work, especially that of gold and silver and were also practiced on piece of cloth.
- Mughal Paintings- Mughal Indian art paintings pioneered during 16th to early 19th century, in the period of Mughal Raj in India, especially at the time of emperor Akbar.These paintings were highly practiced in miniature form and the first Mughal Series was named as the Hamzanama Series ( a Persian Style, explaining the tails of Amir Hamza).
The portrait of The King and The Queen together, Decorated Durbars (courts) and forts are very remarkable styles of Mughal Paintings.
- Tanjore Paintings- Originated in the state of Tamil Nadu, this Indian art was bought by Chola rulers as a symbol of Hindusim. This art form is very famous for its beautiful works on wooden blocks , Paintings with metals (especially gold) and Decorative Jewelry.
- Rajput Paintings- Originated in Rajputana or Rajasthani Paintings,these are paintings with mainly heavy metal works of gold and silver.Paintings of Lord Krishna, forts, palaces, havelis and Queens are the most beautiful works of this Indian art style.
- Mysore Paintings- These are South Indian art Paintings - born in Karnataka, again a symbol of Hinduism.This art is diffreent from others as uses a very low amount of color and the painting is done using Gesso paste (made using zinc oxide and arabic gum) put on the carving as the base.
- Pattachitra- Originated in Orissa, a symbol of faith towards Lord Jagannath , Patta-chitra is a Sanskrit word that stands for Clothings and paintings respectively.Hence, is a painting style practiced on cloths.
The colors for this painting is made only through natural resources like vegetables, fruits, tree leaves, etc.
- Madhubani- Originated in Mithila region in India, this Indian art painting is done through forming geometrical figures through fingers,matchsticks, natural dyes, twigs, brushes, etc and is done the festival occasions like Holi, Kali Puja, Durga Puja and Upanayana.
INDIAN ART- JEWELRY:
Indian Jewelry is famous all around the world, for their heavy designs and pure metal works.This Indian Art is purely based upon Religion and Cultural influences.
Metal Jewelry in India originated after 1500 BC i.e. as a result of Indus Valley Civilization and Beads trade started from 2100 BC.
Jewelry wore by Kings and Queens were made by pure gold as a symbol of Sun and its never ending shine.Gold in India is a holy or sacred metals that never corrodes and keep its shine the same, if pure.Heavy gold,diamonds, gemstones, ruby, pearl ,beads and wires works are very famous here.
Occasions like weddings, festivals, parties, etc are very common examples were one can see beautiful designs of all type of Indian Jewelry as a gloried object as necklaces, rings, nose rings, ear rings, chokers, waist lines and forehead jewelry.
Though with changing trends, the contemporary designs in Indian art are becoming more simple and sophisticated but even today in some regions like Rajasthan, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Madras, Punjab,etc , ethnic heavy and royal designs are on their best trend.
Today, Indian Jewelry is not only known but also exported to almost every part of the world.
Most famous Indian Jewelry Styles are :
Indian art - Beautiful Kundan set
- Rajasthani and
INDIAN ART - SCULPTURES:
In Indian art, Sculptures are the most important and remarkable part of Indian Art and history, they put light on various dynasties, religious beliefs and art works that ruled the country.
From Statues and Cult Images to Reliefs, Pottery, Clay art,plastic art, Carvings and Modern day Modelling everything here holds a symbol or a message to another.Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Pathans and Mauryas holds a very rich history in this Indian Art form.
Talking about Indian Statues and Reliefs, one must say, are a symbol of pulchritude and beliefs. Best of Indian Sculptures can be found in every temple or sacred place here.
INDIA'S MOST FAMOUS SCULPTURES:
- The most famous world wide Indian statue is The Statue Of Nataraja, that forms a part of Dravidian Art from South India. Nataraja is a symbol of Lord Shiva doing Tandavam (a sacred dance form) and is worshipped by almost everything that pursues dance and believes in it. It signifies Agni (fire) and originated from Hindu Chola Dynasty.
- Another most famous Indian Sculptures is Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro, which was discovered by Ernest Mackay in 1926 in the HR area of Mohenjo-Daro and the girl is shown naked with just four bangles on her left arm , standing in a dancing position like banjaras.
INDIA'S BEST SCULPTURE SITES TO VISIT:
- The Pillars of Ashoka - Set up by king Ashoka in 3rd Century , the Pillars of Ashoka are spread all over the Inida.This Indian Art, build in Buddhist Monasteries, many of these pillars were relocated buy different emperors who ruled after their establishment.There are around 15 surviving Pillars, all 40-50 feets tall (12-15 m). With the partition in Indian Subcontinent, many of the pillars now falls in neighbouring countries like China and Pakistan.
These Pillars forms a part of Indian art by Mauryan Dynasty and the list of surviving ones, is listed below:
- Sarnath, near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, four lions
- Sanchi, near Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, four lions
- Maker, Chhapra, Bihar, Column with no inscription
- Rampurva, Champaran, Bihar, two columns: bull
- Vaishali, Bihar, single lion, with no inscription
- Sankissa, Uttar Pradesh, elephant capital only
- Lauriya-Nandangarth, Champaran, Bihar, single lion
- Kandahar, Afghanistan
- Ranigat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
- Delhi-Meerut, Delhi ridge, Delhi moved from Meerut to Delhi by Firuz Shah Tughluq in 1356
- Delhi-Topra, Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi, from Topra Kalan in Yamunanagar district of Haryana to Delhi by Firuz Shah Tughluq
- Lauriya-Araraj, Champaran, Bihar
- Allahabad pillar, Uttar Pradesh (originally located at Kausambi and probable moved to Allahabad by Jahangir
- Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh
- Lumbini, Nepal.
2. Amravati Marbles or Amravati Collections (Museum),Andhra Pradesh - A British museum with 120 sculptures since 1880s, also known as Elliot Marbles.
Most of the sculptures are reliefs from Jataka Tales (previous births of Buddha in both human and animal forms).
3. Badami Cave Temples, Karnataka - A collection Indian art cave temples that are complex mix of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.
4. Akshardham Temple, Delhi - Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple is a Indian art - Hindu temple, inaugrated by DR. A.P.J Abdul Kalam in 2005 in New Delhi and is most loved for its Sahaj Anand Water Show and thematic garden.The temple is said to be made of perfect mix of Vastu shastra and Pancharatra shastra.
5. Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra - Buddhist cave monastery,made of Rock sculpting and Rock painting directly on 250 feets tall rocks.
6. Sanchi Stupa
7. Kailasa Temple
INDIAN ART-CERAMICS ART:
Pottery , also known as Terracotta, is the essence and foundation of all Indian Cultures, it has been followed in the country since ancient times and decorated with beautiful materials like mirrors, paints, waste glasses, etc and even metals like gold and silver.
Unglazed Pottery - Oldest form of Pottery that has further three styles:
- Paper Thin Pottery - biscuit colored pottery covered and polished with red and white strips.
- Sgraffito technique Pottery - In this technique, the pot is first covered with multiple layers of colors, which are then scratched to make contrasting and required effect and designs.
- Polished Pottery - Beautiful Pottery covered with stones works, mirrors and other beautiful decorative materials.
- Glazed Pottery - Ceramic glaze is an impervious coating of a vitreous substance which has been fused to a pot through firing which serves as to color, decorate or waterproofing.It gives the pot a tighter and stronger surface to hold liquids and carry while travelling.
It can be done through ways like:
- Lead-glazed earthenware
- Tin-glazed pottery
- Salt-glazed ware
- Ash glaze
- Feldspathic (Asian porcelain)
INDIAN ART-TEXTILE ARTS:
Indian art Textiles are presently, admired all over the world for their aesthetics, available variety and rich quality.Indian Weaving, Phulkari Works, Embroidery, Silk, Quilts and Banarasi works are the perfect examples of creativity and beauty of Indian Textiles.
India is the second largest producer of fibre in the world and the major fibre produced is cotton since Indus Valley Civilization.
INDIAN HERITAGE OF LOOM- Indian weaving has now become more sophisticated and some of the Small-Scale Industries have even grown up to be Large- Scale, where whole families are indulged in the same business.Following are the most popular Indian art in Textiles , followed in India:
- Lace work
- Needle work
Visit gallery to see best of Indian Textile designs http://vistaartistica.com/gallery/
INDIAN ART-CONTEMPORARY ART:
Various art forms that are presently practiced by living artists, that forms a part of Indian art - come in the category of Contemporary art:
- Sand Art and Sand Sculpting
- Abstract Art
- Environmental art
- Site-specific installations
- 3D art
- Street art and Street paintings
- Mandala Art
Here's the list of best known Indian Contemporary artists:
- Sundarsan Pattanaik
- Anish Kapoor
- Aditya Pande
- Ravinder Reddy
- Shilpa Gupta
- Subodh Gupta
- Bharti Kher
- Atul Dodiya
- Jitish Kallat
- Raqib Shaw and many more
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