Visual arts, as the name itself suggests, refers to multiple forms of art that can be seen by our naked eyes, hence Visual arts is a multidisciplinary concept that involves expressions through visual means and encompasses art forms like:
- Fine arts
- Contemporary arts
- Applied and Decorative arts
- Conceptual art
- Textile art
Many people may argue that Performing arts ( dance, music, theater, etc ) as can also be seen by our eyes, forms a part of Visual arts --- yes it does,but not directly,as there exists a difference between both:
- Firstly, artists in Performing arts use their body ( body language, facial expressions and voice ) to deliver their art, while in Visual artists use only physical mediums like paints, ink, colors, canvas, videos, photos , etc are used for the same.
- Secondly, in Performing arts, audience has to be present and immerse themselves while the art is performed and finished to feel the emotions and understand the message delivered by the artist(s) - while on the other hand in comparison to the Performing arts, Visual arts in order to gain its awe doesn’t demand the presence of the audience while is performed ( or made ).
Hence,Performing arts can be said to be an indirect part of Visual arts ,just because performing arts lies under the category of Fine arts i.e. carries some meaning and message with it.
FORMS OF VISUAL ARTS:
Any painting, printed material, videos, art films, photography, mosaics, calligraphy, drawing, graphics, conceptual art, architecture, sculpture and performing art that serves as a medium to showcase artistry and holds some message or meaning, comes into the category of Fine arts, which originated in Western Europe.
- Conceptual art is the form of art that takes rationality of idea as its biggest priority.Surrealism and Minimalism are the best examples of conceptual visual arts,pioneered by French artist Marcel Duchamp ( France, 1887 - 1968 ) in early 20th century.Hence, in conceptual art aesthetics,technicality and cultural approach are not able to surpass the importance of a brilliant idea or imagination.Film making,videos or directory making is also a type of conceptual art as both works on a story or an idea,which is visually delivered to the audience.
- Calligraphy refers to a very fashionable way of writing alphabets or words through a pointed pen or brush (Quill, Dip pen, Ink brush, Qalam and Fountain pen) ,to make them look more attractive and stylish.It is a very common art style that we can see in various invitation cards or in the brand names) .This art originated from Rome and then was further taken to other parts of the world.It has now following establishments:
- Islamic (by the use of Qalam , and includes Arabic, Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy)
- Korean,Taiwan,Vietnam and Japnese (highly influenced by Chinese Calligraphy known as Shūfǎ- which means "the method or the way of writing.)
- Western and
A person has to be an adept in fine arts , to make his/her own identity in this big visual arts industry ,if yearns so.
Hence,Some of the most remarkable fine artists and their veteran fields, known since ages that can be taken as an inspiration are:
- Leonardo Da Vinci- Italy (1452-1519)- Cartography, Symbolism and Expressionism
- Rembrandt- Netherlands (1606-1669) - Print making and Baroque paintings
- Wassily Kandisky - Russia (1866-1944) - Pioneer of Abstract art - Abstract art , Expressionism and Geometric abstraction.
- Henri Matisse- France (1869-1964) - Expressionism and Fauvism
- Piet Mondarian - Netherlands (1872-1944) - Expressionism, Cubism and Fauvism
- Pablo Picasso - Spain (1881-1973) - Expressionism , Surrealism and Cubism.
- Salvador Dali- Spain (1904-1989) - Surrealism and Expressionism
- Jackson Pollock- United States (1912-1956) - Abstract Expressionism, Expressionism and Modern art
2. Contemporary Arts:
Contemporary visual arts is what we call today's prevailing art.It is made by currently living artists and is known to take inspiration from nature,technology,materialistic objects,daily life activities,culture,daily problems and stress,etc.Today there are hundreds of art galleries exhibiting the work of contemporary artists, who always strive for creating something new.
Body art, Sand paintings, Pop art, Graffiti, Decorative art and crafts, Minimalism and Three - Dimensional paintings are the latest examples of Contemporary art.
- Body art is a very interesting visual arts form done on the human body, like making tattoos and full body painting.This art is now becoming very famous as an annual celebration and a fun game in many countries like USA and Australia, where participants paint the bodies of their partners (another participants) either related to a pre-determined theme or any design they want to.One of the most famous event of this type is, Sydney Body Art Ride, where participants forms a living rainbow that submerges into pacific ocean.
- Minimalism is a new kind of contemporary visual arts that grabs attention by painting the materialist objects , used in daily life, hence is the simplest form of art.Sometimes minimalist artist forms a painting with a simple tea cup in between and a simple single color background. While some may say ,Minimalism is a part of modern paintings , but is still practiced by the artists all around the world, hence is an important category under Contemporary art too. (modern art and contemporary art in many cases overlaps each other).
- Three Dimensional paintings and street art are most creative art form where artist draws or paints Three-Dimensional figures , which due to having three dimensions just looks like reality.While both of these visual arts,fills the boring premises with colors and makes the arena joyful.
- Pop art i.e Popular art , emerged from Abstract Expressionism in 1950s in Britain.This type of visual arts is best known for vibrant use of colors, especially for advertising for large masses ,writing comic books. and pictures of celebrities.The best example of Pop art can be seen as Marilyn Diptych by Andy Warhol and Whaam! by Roy Lichtenstein .Pop art is the most loved art by kids,who loves to read comics and collect the clippings of their favorite ones.
Some of the most famous contemporary artists in the world are:
- Jeff Koon - United States (born 1955) - Pop art and contemporary art
- Yayoi Kusama - Japan (born 1929) - Conceptual art, Minimalism, Feminist art, Contemporary art, and Pop art.
- Damien Steven Hirst - United Kingdom (born 1965) - Conceptual art, Modern art, Modernism, Expressionism and Contemporary art.
- Anish Kapoor - India (born 1954) - Contemporary art
- Ai Weiwei - China (born 1957) - Contemporary art and Conceptual art
- Cindy Sherman - United States (born 1954) - Photogarphy
- Takashi Murakami - Japan (born 1962) - Pop art and contemporary art
- Edward Joseph Ruscha IV - United States (born 1937) - Pop art, Conceptual art, Modern art, and Contemporary art.
Applied art and Decorative art, though originated in ancient times,but is still practiced today i.e. decorating beautifully any object used everyday. Decorative visual arts with true gold and silver works has been very famous in Islamic, Jewish ,Chinese and Japanese cultures since long and were taken as matter of prestige to exchange them as gifts on the special occasions.Today,Decorative arts and crafts are generally used for interior designing and home decor and has become the best source of recycling waste materials.Jewelry designing,Pottery and Plastic art are now the most common example of this form of art.
Hence, Fashion Designing, Graphic Designing, Jewelry Designing, Interior Designing, Footwear Designing (gaining fame these days) , Industrial Design and Decorative Art are all examples of applied visual arts. As Applied art is still practiced today,it also falls under the category of Contemporary art.
Though,both Applied art as well as Fine arts focuses on aesthetics, applied arts are further used for functional use and Fine arts are used for intellectual stimulation,hence are different.
Textile art is a very important and old part of visual arts,i.e doing artistic work from any king of fiber.Weaving and Knitting has been done not only domestically but also for business purposes since ages.We all have wore the beautiful sweaters with cute designs made by our grandmothers or mothers,which is an art in itself.Textile art can also be said as a part of contemporary art,as is practiced by living artists also,but is so vast that is worth elaborating individually.
Yarn bombing has been the most recent form of this art in which the artist beautifies the external environment and objects.Other contemporary forms of textile art are
- Applique (visual arts-forming a picture with an ornamental needle)
- Bead work
- Embroidery and
IMPORTANCE OF VISUAL ARTS:
Visual arts holds a very important place in not only the artist's life but also its audience.Visual art development in bot society as well as culture.Teaching visual arts in school,colleges and at home,enables the mental growth and enhancement in creativity and imagination of children,also leads to creative ideas to daily life problems.The importance of art can be justified by the following advantages that it holds:
- Improves creativity and imagination
- Enables self expression and self realization
- Enables better self understanding
- Encourages discipline (keeps one engaged in productive work)
- Leads to better problem solving techniques
- Visual arts improves analytical and observation abilities (mental health and concentration)
- Aids in better communication (both verbal and non-verbal)
- Documenting history and rich culture
- Best source of entertainment
- Recycling and use of waste materials
- beautifies old objects (Example - The Rock Garden of Chandigarh)
- Enhances cross-cultural understanding and appreciation
- Grabs attention towards social issues and problems
- Encourages team work and mutual understanding
CAREER IN VISUAL ARTS:
Removing all the doubts,today visual arts has infinite number of opportunities to make a very successful career in.Today even government recruits people,adept in art.
Major employers for visual artists are:
- Photography studios
- Art galleries
- Advertising agencies
- Interior designing firms
- Fashion designing firms
- Film productions
- Merchandising firms
You can even work as freelancer for visual arts (best options) like:
- Fashion designer with your own boutique
- Interior designer
- Graphic designer
- an Architect
- an Artist ( Cartoonist, 3D artist, Graffiti, Painter, Motion artist, Layout planner, street artist, Applied artist, etc )
- Art dealer
- Footwear designer
- Jewelry designer
- Film- maker
So,as these all fields are very attractive and flourishing these days, each and every visual arts industry has its own complexities and hardships, which you will definitely not be able to understand unless you study them from a professional school of arts, which specializes in either of them or in all.Below is the list of some biggest visual arts schools all around the world (not on the basis of rankings):
- Royal College of Arts -UK
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology-US
- California Institute of Art-us
- Art Center College of Design-US
- Glasgow School of Art (GSA)-UK
- Pratt Institute-US
- Yale University-US
Talking in context of India,best visual arts schools are:
- Faculty of Music & Fine Arts – University of Delhi
- Sir J. J. Institute of Applied Art, Mumbai
- Bharati Kala Mahavidyalaya (College of Fine Arts)
- MS University of Baroda - Fine Arts Faculty
- Banaras Hindu University - Faculty of Visual Arts
FIFTEEN MOST FAMOUS QUOTES BY ARTISTS IN THE WORLD : (best of visual arts)
- “Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life” by Pablo Picasso.
- “Poor is the pupil who does not surpass his master” by Leonardo da Vinci.
- “Creativity takes courage” by Henri Matisse.
- “The position of the artist is humble. He is essentially a channel” by Piet Mondarian.
- “Those who do not want to imitate anything, produce nothing" by Salvador Dali.
- “Have no fear of perfection, you'll never reach it” by Salvador Dali.
- "Artists don't make objects. Artists make mythologies" by Anish Kapoor.
- “Every good painter paints what he is” by Jackson Pollock.
- “Life obliges me to do something, so I paint” by Rene Magritte.
- “There is no must in art because art is free” by Wassily Kandinsky.
- “Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep” by Scott Adams.
- “Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up” by Pablo Picasso.
- "The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless" by Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
- “If you hear a voice within you saying, ‘You are not a painter,’ then by all means paint, boy, and that voice will be silenced” by Vincent van Gogh.
- “I want the people looking at my work to feel a sense of all the possibilities of painting, and, through that, in life as a whole. When that happens, I feel I’ve accomplished something useful” by Wolf Kahn.